Roses are known as the queen of flowers and are even selected as the city flower of Beijing. Many people like to grow roses on their balconies. However, many people buy a pot of roses with the hope that it will bloom every month but often end up disappointed. The roses don’t bloom, the leaves turn yellow, and they even fall off. We have prepared this article on rose cultivation and maintenance methods suitable for beginners to help you take care of your plants.

【Three essential elements for growing roses: container, soil and sunlight】 Container: A breathable earthenware pot is preferred, but plastic or ceramic pots are also good choices. The drainage hole at the bottom of the pot must be covered with ceramic particles, small stones or broken tiles to keep it unobstructed. This way your roses won’t suffer from root rot. Many beginners overlook this point and accumulate too much water at the bottom of the pot, which can cause their roses to die.

Soil: Roses like sandy soil that is rich in humus and slightly acidic. Do not add coal cinder to the soil when planting roses as it will make the soil alkaline. If your roses are not growing well, it is recommended to add some humus such as compost or black humus soil under tree leaves to adjust the soil to a slightly acidic level which is beneficial for normal growth of roses.

Sunlight: Like most flowers, roses are light-loving plants. If your balcony only has one or two hours of sunlight a day, it is difficult to grow healthy roses. Roses must be grown on a balcony with more than half a day’s sunlight to bloom and grow normally.

【Rose variety selection and propagation】 Suitable varieties for planting roses include

A shropshire Lad,Charlotte Brownell,Eglantyne,Harlow carr,Gentle Hermione,etc.

You can choose according to your preferences. Roses are propagated by cuttings, and the best time for cuttings is usually around June. Choose several semi-lignified branches with a length of about 10cm and 2-3 buds on them. Leave two leaves and insert one-third of them into the soft substrate. Place it in a place where it is not directly exposed to sunlight and ventilated, keep the substrate moist, and basically root and grow new buds in about a month. Of course, if you want to pursue a higher rooting rate. The survival rate of rose cuttings is very high. Many people can plant a beautiful rose flower by cutting a few roses directly into the soil. Of course, if you choose to buy online, winter is the best time to buy. By the way, it is best not to buy roses from Suqian. Many people online, including me, have had painful experiences of buying fake seeds from there. Plant the roses you bought back with the original soil in the pot, place them in a place where they are not directly exposed to sunlight and ventilated for one week before moving them under the sun.

【Matters needing attention for watering and fertilizing roses】Watering: Before roses germinate, as long as the soil is not dry, it will do. Don’t water too much. When roses grow and bloom in summer, it is best to water once in the morning and evening. Watering follows the principle of seeing dryness and wetness, that is: watering when the soil is dry, watering thoroughly when watering slowly on the soil surface, based on the principle that water seeps out from the bottom leak hole. Many people water too quickly, often only wetting the upper half of the potting soil, but the roots of roses at the bottom cannot get sufficient moisture. Lack of moisture makes rose flowers not only small but also particularly small and their color is not beautiful.

Fertilization: The growth of roses requires a lot of fertilizer, so we need to add good base fertilizer at the bottom of our potted roses. We can use dead branches and leaves plus kitchen waste and organic fertilizer at the bottom layer of our potting soil. This kind of base fertilizer can provide sufficient nutrients for roses and lay a good foundation for flowering. Fertilization must adhere to the principle of thin fertilizer and frequent application. Fertilization once every ten days or so is best with rotted organic fertilizer as this kind of fertilizer releases nutrients slowly and lasts long with comprehensive nutrition which helps roses bloom brightly.Click here to get high-quality Roses

【Pruning of roses】I have seen too many roses grow very vigorously, and the whole pot is full of branches and leaves. Overly dense branches lead to poor ventilation, which not only makes it easy to breed insects but also does not provide more nutrition to the flower buds, so naturally fewer flowers bloom. Therefore, proper pruning plays an extremely important role in the flowering of roses. The purpose of pruning is to maintain a more beautiful plant shape, so that roses can achieve ideal conditions of ventilation and light; on the other hand, prioritize limited nutrients in the pot to supply thick branches, which is more conducive to the cultivation of flower buds and can open more and more beautiful flowers. The pruning method is as follows:

 


1. After November each year, when the growth of roses slows down, inward branches, overlapping branches, dead branches, and diseased branches can be cut off. Some particularly thick branches should also be appropriately shortened so that other relatively weak branches can absorb more nutrients and keep roses in a more perfect shape.

2. Pruning is also required before flowering in spring. Each branch can only have two or three buds. When these buds grow to 3-4 cm long, one flower bud can be left. If it is a thick branch, two buds can also be left. This processing method seems to have pruned many flowering branches, but in fact, this can concentrate nutrients so that roses can bloom large and beautiful.

3. After finishing a batch of flowers, cut the flower branches from 3-5 leaves at the base as soon as possible. Pay attention to cutting about 1 cm away from the outwardly extending leaf buds. At the same time, cut off diseased branches, dead branches, side branches and inward branches to concentrate nutrients and promote robust new techniques. These new branches are the main force for the next batch of flowering.


【Prevention of rose diseases and insect pests】Black spots, powdery mildew, dead branches are common diseases that roses often encounter. This kind of disease should be prevented first. In springtime, sprinkle a layer of ash on the potting soil which can effectively prevent these diseases from occurring. Red spider mites and aphids are the most common pests for roses. We list out effective methods for preventing these two pests.Click here to get high-quality Roses

Red spider mites: 95% medical alcohol (high-concentration white wine can also be used) 50--70ml, 9-degree edible vinegar 30ml, plus a few drops of eucalyptus oil, add water to 500ml and shake well. Spray it on the leaves with red spider mites with a fine mist sprayer (you can buy it for a few yuan on Taobao), which can achieve a 100% killing effect.

Aphids: In 150ml water, add 1g of edible soda first and shake well before spraying it on aphids on the leaf surface. The killing rate is also very high for this method.



These two methods have good effects and materials are not difficult to find.Click here to get high-quality Roses

【Repotting and changing soil for roses】Many people who grow roses will overlook this important step. After planting roses for several years, they slowly become larger with more roots; at this time they need a larger pot or even if you don't change pots you must pour out the roses and remove weak roots before replacing them with new soil with sufficient base fertilizer at the bottom layer. New soil and base fertilizer can greatly extend the life of roses and make them grow better with more beautiful flowers. Generally repotting or changing soil for roses once every one or two years.